Bible Study

Before Abraham was, I am

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The statement in John 8:58, where Jesus proclaims, “Before Abraham was, I am”, has long captured the intrigue of theologians, scholars, and everyday readers of the Bible. Nestled in the Gospel of John, this declaration stands out, not just for its profound nature, but also for its potential implications about Jesus’ identity and role in the broader biblical narrative.

Our objective? To delve deep into this verse, exploring its linguistic, historical, and cultural nuances. We aim to unpack its meaning, rooted in the original language and the context of the dialogue. Let’s embark on this journey, seeking clarity and understanding from Scripture and the world it emerged from.

Contextual Examination of John 8:58

John’s Gospel, renowned for its depth and theological richness, provides a vibrant backdrop for the interactions between Jesus and various groups, including the Jewish leaders. In the eighth chapter, particularly, the narrative delves into one such profound exchange.

The dialogue begins with Jesus teaching in the temple courts. His words, as often is the case, draw attention. Some are attracted to his teachings, while others, especially the Pharisees, challenge him. This sets the stage for a spiraling conversation that continuously intensifies as they proceed. The Jewish leaders, in their questioning, attempt to uncover Jesus’ identity, while Jesus, in turn, reveals their spiritual blindness and lack of understanding about God’s true nature and work.

A significant turning point in the dialogue is when Jesus starts discussing freedom. He proposes that true freedom comes from adhering to his teachings and knowing the truth. This truth, he declares, would set them free. But this claim agitates the Pharisees. They argue, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never been slaves of anyone. How can you say, ‘You will be set free’?” (John 8:33). This mention of Abraham sets the scene for the climactic statement in verse 58. Abraham, for the Jewish leaders, is not just a historical figure; he’s the very foundation of their identity as God’s chosen people.

Jesus responds by differentiating between physical lineage and spiritual heritage. He acknowledges their biological connection to Abraham but challenges their spiritual credentials. In essence, he’s drawing a distinction between those who are physical descendants of Abraham and those who truly follow in Abraham’s footsteps by embracing faith.

Now, the tension escalates. Jesus asserts that if they were indeed Abraham’s children, their actions would mirror Abraham’s faith and righteousness. Instead, they seek to kill Jesus because he tells them the truth He heard from God. The Pharisees counter this, insinuating doubts about his parentage and saying Abraham is their father. Jesus rebuts, pointing out that they don’t act in the ways of Abraham. Instead, he starkly tells them their father is the devil. It’s no wonder this conversation gets heated!

The crescendo of this dialogue revolves around age and existence. The Jewish leaders, now thoroughly provoked, retort, “You are not yet fifty years old, and you have seen Abraham!” It’s here that Jesus makes his profound declaration: “Before Abraham was, I am.” This statement wasn’t merely about age or time. It was about precedence, purpose, and positioning in God’s divine narrative.

In understanding this tense conversation, two things become clear. Firstly, Jesus wasn’t merely presenting himself as a new teacher with a fresh perspective; he was positioning himself within a historical and divine continuum, linking back to the very foundations of the Jewish faith. Secondly, the Jewish leaders’ resistance wasn’t just based on theological grounds. It was also a clash of worldviews, identities, and understanding of sacred history. Jesus’ claim to have existed before Abraham was, to them, not only startling but also, in their eyes, blasphemous.

In conclusion, John 8:58 cannot be seen in isolation. It emerges from a charged dialogue where both history and theology, identity and belief, collide head-on. The statement “Before Abraham was, I am” is the culmination of this exchange, encapsulating Jesus’ profound role in the grand narrative that spans generations, from Abraham and beyond.

Ego Eimi

Understanding the New Testament requires more than just reading it in translation; often, we need to venture into its original language – Greek. The phrase “ego eimi,” which translates as “I am,” is a prime example. Let’s unearth the layers of this phrase and observe how its usage elsewhere in the scriptures may shed light on its intent and meaning.

Understanding “ego eimi”

The Greek words “ego” and “eimi” translate respectively as “I” and “am.” On the surface, it’s a simple statement of existence or self-identification. However, context can change the nuances of this seemingly straightforward phrase, allowing for varied interpretations depending on its use.

“Ego eimi” in Other Parts of Scripture

To grasp the depth of “ego eimi,” let’s traverse through the scriptures and observe its application in diverse settings.

  1. Self-Identification:One of the most straightforward uses of “ego eimi” is for self-identification. In John 9:9, we encounter a man formerly blind who uses “ego eimi” to confirm his identity: “Some claimed that he was. Others said, ‘No, he only looks like him.’ But he himself insisted, ‘I am the man (ego eimi).'”. Clearly, in this context, there’s no divine connotation. It’s a man asserting his identity amidst confusion.
  2. Affirmation of Role or Character:”Ego eimi” can also serve to affirm one’s role or character, without it necessarily having divine implications. In John 10:11, Jesus says, “I am (ego eimi) the good shepherd.” Here, Jesus draws upon a familiar Old Testament imagery of shepherding to elucidate his role as a caretaker and protector of his flock, his followers. The phrase, in this context, is metaphorical, representing Jesus’ role rather than asserting a divine nature.
  3. Responses of Affirmation:At times, “ego eimi” is a simple affirmative response, akin to saying “it’s me” or “yes, I am.” When Jesus walks on water and the disciples are terrified, thinking they’ve seen a ghost, Jesus responds with “Take courage! It is I (ego eimi). Don’t be afraid.” (Mark 6:50). Here, Jesus is assuaging their fears, reassuring them of his presence. There’s no hint of a grander theological statement about his nature.
  4. Existential Statements:In some contexts, “ego eimi” leans towards a deeper existential meaning, though not necessarily divine. Consider John 8:23, where Jesus says to the Pharisees, “You are from below; I am (ego eimi) from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world.” Jesus contrasts his heavenly origin and mission with the worldly perspective of his listeners. The statement emphasises his unique role and origin but stops short of declaring divinity.
  5. Without Predicate:A fascinating usage of “ego eimi” is when it stands alone without a predicate, such as in John 8:58. Unlike the examples above, where “ego eimi” is followed by descriptors like “the man” or “the good shepherd,” in this verse, it stands alone. This style draws closer attention and piques interest, urging the listener or reader to delve deeper into its significance in that specific context.

Does “Ego eimi” Always Imply Divinity?

Given the diverse applications of “ego eimi” throughout the New Testament, it’s evident that the phrase, in and of itself, doesn’t automatically denote divinity. Context is king. While the phrase can be weighty, it often needs additional markers or the surrounding narrative to attribute it a divine connotation. In many instances, it functions as a straightforward assertion of identity, role, or existence.

However, it’s essential to remember that language, especially in sacred texts, is rarely one-dimensional. A phrase can carry historical, cultural, and theological baggage, influenced by its use in earlier scriptures, traditions, or popular understandings of the time.

In the case of John 8:58, when Jesus employs “ego eimi,” he does so amidst a charged dialogue with the Jewish leaders about Abraham, history, and identity. The context, the preceding conversation, and the reactions it elicited are pivotal in discerning its depth and intent.

Understanding in context

“Ego eimi,” while a simple phrase in structure, is complex in its application. Its use throughout the New Testament, from self-identification to metaphorical role assertions, underlines the importance of understanding scripture in context. When we encounter “ego eimi” in the Gospel of John, or indeed any scripture, we’re reminded of the layered, multifaceted nature of language and the importance of diving deep into history, culture, and context to truly comprehend its message.

The Name of God from Exodus 3:14

The Old Testament, a collection of narratives, prophecies, and laws, provides essential context to the New Testament’s theology. A linchpin in this context is Exodus 3:14, where God reveals his name to Moses. Understanding this verse is pivotal, especially when navigating the intricate terrains of Jesus’ pronouncements in John’s Gospel.

The Burning Bush Encounter: “Ehyeh asher ehyeh”

The scene in Exodus 3 is nothing short of dramatic. Moses, a shepherd by now, encounters a bush that’s blazing yet remains unconsumed. As he approaches, he finds himself on holy ground, face-to-face with the divine. Here, Moses is given a monumental task: liberate the Israelites from Egyptian captivity. Understandably, Moses is hesitant. He questions God, asking what he should tell the Israelites when they inquire about the identity of this God. The reply he receives is profound and defining: “Ehyeh asher ehyeh.”

Translated, “Ehyeh asher ehyeh” can be rendered as “I AM WHO I AM,” or “I WILL BE WHO I WILL BE.” The name is enigmatic, reflective of the ineffable nature of God. It speaks of self-sufficiency, timelessness, and unchangeability. In Hebrew, “ehyeh” is related to the verb “to be,” so the statement can also encompass meanings like “I exist,” “I live,” or “I cause to be.” It’s a declaration of God’s eternal nature and his interaction with creation and history. This isn’t just a name; it’s a descriptor, a philosophical foundation, and a promise.

From Hebrew to Greek: “Ego eimi ho ōn”

The Hebrew scriptures, with time, found audiences beyond its original readers. The Hellenistic world, in which Greek was the lingua franca, sought translations of these revered texts. Thus, the Septuagint, a Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures, was born.

When the scholars approached Exodus 3:14, they rendered “Ehyeh asher ehyeh” into Greek as “ego eimi ho ōn.” Here, “ego eimi” stands for “I am,” as we’ve discussed. However, “ho ōn” translates as “the being,” “the one,” or “the existent.” This translation offers a fresh nuance. It not only emphasises God’s existence but also his pre-eminence and singularity. “Ho ōn” places God as the central, foundational entity from which all existence derives.

Similarities, But Not Equivalences

At this juncture, it’s easy to draw parallels between Jesus’ “ego eimi” in John 8:58 and the “ego eimi ho ōn” of the Septuagint. The linguistic overlap is undeniable. However, it’s crucial to tread carefully and understand the distinctions.

When Jesus states, “Before Abraham was, ego eimi,” he’s making a profound assertion about his timeless existence and role in the divine narrative. However, it’s worth noting that Jesus doesn’t employ the full Septuagint rendering. He doesn’t say, “Before Abraham was, ego eimi ho ōn.” If Jesus had used the complete phrase, the implications would have been far more direct, pointing unequivocally towards him equating himself with the God of Moses.

Instead, the omission of “ho ōn” means that Jesus is hinting at a unique, preordained role within the divine story without overtly claiming the title and identity of God from Exodus. There’s a connection, a thread that ties the narratives of Exodus and John, but it’s subtle, open to interpretation, and demanding of deeper reflection.

Further supporting this distinction is the broader narrative of the New Testament. Throughout, Jesus consistently positions himself in relation to God the Father. He speaks of doing the Father’s will, of being sent by the Father, and of glorifying the Father. If Jesus had intended to equate himself directly with the God of Exodus 3:14, these relational descriptions would seem out of place.

Connecting the Testaments

Languages, especially within sacred texts, are vibrant tapestries where words, phrases, and contexts interplay to weave profound meanings. The “I AM” statements, both in Exodus and John, are emblematic of this richness. They bridge cultures, languages, and centuries, inviting believers to reflect upon the nature of God and his messengers.

In understanding Exodus 3:14’s “Ehyeh asher ehyeh” and its Greek rendering “ego eimi ho ōn,” we’re offered a lens to appreciate Jesus’ “ego eimi” in a fresh light. The connection between the Old and New Testaments is undeniable. Still, it’s a connection marked by nuance, inviting believers to a journey of exploration rather than offering straightforward equivalences.

While similarities beckon, it’s the differences that often hold the key. In the distinction between “ego eimi” and “ego eimi ho ōn,” believers find a space for reflection, prayer, and a deeper understanding of the divine narrative that shapes their faith.

Pre-existence Doesn’t Equate to Divinity

When diving into the waters of theology, it’s important to tread carefully and distinguish between terms that, at first glance, may seem interchangeable but hold very different implications. In the discourse surrounding Jesus’ “I am” statement in John 8:58, the idea of pre-existence often becomes entwined with notions of divinity. But is pre-existence inherently a claim to divinity? Let’s untangle this intricate knot.

Foreknown Before Birth: The Case of Jeremiah

The Bible, replete with stories of God’s interactions with humanity, occasionally gives us glimpses into God’s knowledge of individuals even before their birth. One salient example is the prophet Jeremiah. In Jeremiah 1:5, we read: “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations.”

This verse doesn’t speak of Jeremiah’s literal pre-existence. Instead, it portrays a God who is all-knowing, whose foresight extends beyond the confines of time. Before Jeremiah’s conception, God had a plan for him; he was pre-ordained to be a prophet. However, no one would argue that because Jeremiah was known by God before his birth, he was divine. It’s a testament to God’s omniscience, not Jeremiah’s pre-existence or divinity.

Pre-ordination versus Pre-existence

Understanding the distinction between being foreknown (or pre-ordained) and pre-existing is crucial. Pre-ordination refers to God’s foreknowledge of events and decisions. It’s about God’s plans and purposes for an individual or a set of circumstances. In contrast, pre-existence implies an actual existence in some form or another before a specified time or event, in this context, before one’s birth.

When we speak of Jesus’ statements in John, it’s essential to discern whether he’s referencing a form of pre-existence, suggesting he was around before Abraham in some capacity, or if he’s alluding to God’s foreknowledge and plan for him, much like Jeremiah.

Distinguishing the Divine Form from Pre-existence

There’s a leap, and not a small one, between claiming pre-existence and claiming a divine form. Various cultures and religions posit the idea of souls or entities existing before their earthly incarnation. Yet, this doesn’t necessarily place these souls on par with the divine. Similarly, Jesus alluding to his existence before Abraham doesn’t, on its own, equate him with God.

To further illustrate, consider angels. Scripturally, angels are spiritual beings who have existed since the dawn of time, if not before. Their pre-existence is well-established. However, their longevity doesn’t make them divine. They serve God, delivering messages and executing divine commands, but they aren’t God.

Connecting the Dots with Jesus

Turning our gaze back to Jesus, the New Testament contains various references to Jesus being in God’s plans from the beginning. Passages in Ephesians talk about believers being chosen “in him before the foundation of the world” (Ephesians 1:4). In Revelation, Jesus is described as the “Lamb slain from the foundation of the world” (Revelation 13:8). Both these passages hint at a pre-ordained plan involving Jesus.

Yet, even if one leans toward a belief in Jesus’ pre-existence, this belief doesn’t automatically place Jesus in the realm of the divine. As noted with angels, pre-existence in itself doesn’t equate to divinity. Jesus’ unique relationship with God, his central role in God’s plan for humanity, and his pre-eminence in the spiritual realm can coexist with a clear distinction between him and God.

Jesus is Unique in His Relationship with God

The Biblical narrative, in all its depth and richness, provides a framework that celebrates the mysteries of God and his interaction with creation. As believers dive into these scriptures, it’s imperative to approach with both reverence and a keen analytical mind.

Jesus’ statements in John, and the broader discourse on his nature and role, beckon believers to engage deeply with their faith. It’s a journey of exploration, reflection, and prayer. While the waters of pre-existence and divinity might seem murky, one thing remains clear: in the Bible, pre-existence doesn’t inherently translate to divinity. The landscape of scripture suggests nuance, differentiation, and a call to understand Jesus in his unique, unparalleled, yet distinct relationship with the Almighty.

Jesus’ Role as the Logos (Word)

In the realms of Christian thought, few concepts evoke as much wonder, contemplation, and at times, debate, as the idea of Jesus as the Logos. It’s a mesmerising image that the Apostle John paints at the opening of his Gospel: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” This mosaic of words doesn’t just herald the advent of Jesus but delves deep into the essence of his relationship with God. So, who is this Logos, and what is its significance?

The Prologue of John: An Overture to the Gospel

John 1:1-14 stands as one of the most poetic and profound introductions in religious literature. It serves as a bridge, connecting the Old Testament’s proclamation, “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth” with the life and teachings of Jesus. Here, Jesus is presented not merely as a prophet or a teacher, but as the very Logos, the Word, through which all things came into being.

But what does John mean by calling Jesus the Word or Logos? Is it merely a title, or is there a depth waiting to be uncovered?

Word and Wisdom in Jewish Thought

To grasp the significance of the Logos, one must venture into the corridors of Jewish thought. In the Hebrew scriptures, God’s Word and Wisdom are frequently personified. These aren’t just abstract concepts; they are dynamic forces through which God interacts with the world.

Take, for example, Proverbs 8, where Wisdom is described as being with God from the very beginning, rejoicing in his creation. This Wisdom isn’t just an attribute of God; it’s an expression of him. Similarly, in Psalms and the Prophets, God’s Word goes forth, accomplishing his will, never returning void.

Yet, this personification doesn’t imply a separate being. In Jewish monotheism, God’s Wisdom or Word remains intrinsically united with him, acting as his agent in the world. It’s through this lens that John’s portrayal of Jesus as the Logos can be better understood.

Jesus as the Embodiment of God’s Purpose

To say that Jesus is the Logos is to say that he is the embodiment of God’s purpose, wisdom, and creative power. In him, the divine intentions find expression. John 1:14 beautifully encapsulates this: “The Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.” This isn’t just a theological statement but an affirmation of the tangible, lived experience of those who walked with Jesus. They witnessed the divine purpose in human form, revealing God’s character, love, and salvation plan.

This distinction, though, shouldn’t be misunderstood. While Jesus embodies God’s Word and Wisdom, he doesn’t become a separate deity. Instead, he remains deeply aligned with God’s will, acting as the conduit through which humanity can understand and connect with the divine.

Jesus’ Unique Role in Salvation History

The New Testament is replete with instances that highlight Jesus’ special place in salvation history. He’s the one through whom God speaks in these “last days” (Hebrews 1:2), the image of the invisible God (Colossians 1:15), and the one in whom all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell (Colossians 1:19).

Yet, amidst these titles and accolades, a common thread emerges: Jesus’ role is about revelation and reconciliation. He reveals God to humanity, not as a distant, impersonal force, but as a loving Father. In Jesus, the abstract becomes tangible, the distant becomes close, and the divine becomes accessible.

Moreover, Jesus’ role as the Logos is central to God’s plan of reconciliation. Humanity, in its brokenness, finds healing and restoration in Jesus. He’s the bridge, the mediator, facilitating a renewed relationship between God and man.

The Legacy of the Logos in Christian Thought

Over the centuries, the idea of Jesus as the Logos has been both a cornerstone and a point of contention in Christian theology. While debates around the nature of Jesus have ebbed and flowed, the core tenet remains: In Jesus, the eternal and the temporal meet. The infinite finds expression in the finite. The Word, which was in the beginning, becomes flesh, making its dwelling among us.

This is no mere philosophical musing. It’s a reality that has transformed lives across ages and continents. For in recognising Jesus as the Logos, believers encounter a God who isn’t just out there but is intimately involved in the human story, guiding, redeeming, and renewing.

A Path to God

Navigating the waters of the Logos is akin to embarking on a spiritual odyssey, one that brings us face to face with the core of Christian faith: God’s love manifested in Jesus. In Jesus, the Logos, believers find not just a figure from history, but the living Word, ever-relevant, beckoning us to a deeper understanding and a richer relationship with the Divine. Through the Logos, the Word made flesh, we find a path, illuminated with grace and truth, leading us home.

Historical and Cultural Understanding

To fully appreciate Jesus’ statements and how they were perceived, it’s essential to travel back in time, immersing oneself in the backdrop of the 1st-century Jewish world. This period was not just about political movements and religious rituals; it was about deeply held beliefs, fervent expectations, and a rich mixture of interpretations about God’s promises. Two figures that loomed large in this milieu were the Messiah and the “Son of Man.”

The Jewish Concept of the Messiah

The term ‘Messiah’, derived from the Hebrew ‘Mashiach’, translates to ‘the Anointed One’. Historically, Israelite kings and priests were anointed with oil during their coronation or consecration ceremonies. This act symbolised God’s selection and blessing. However, by the 1st century, ‘Messiah’ had come to signify something far more profound than just an anointed official. The Jewish people, having faced exile, oppression, and Roman occupation, longed for a divinely appointed leader who would restore Israel to its former glory.

Various writings, including the Hebrew scriptures, painted diverse pictures of this expected Messiah. Some anticipated a warrior king in the vein of David, who would overthrow oppressors; others hoped for a priestly figure who’d lead in religious reform and renewal. Yet, interestingly, amidst these multifaceted expectations, the Messiah, no matter how extraordinary or endowed with divine favour, was not equated with being God. He was God’s representative, yes. He was empowered by God, certainly. But he wasn’t God.

The Enigmatic ‘Son of Man’

The title “Son of Man” adds another layer to this intricate portrait. The term itself is somewhat paradoxical. On one hand, in the Hebrew scriptures, ‘son of man’ is often just a poetic way to say ‘human being’. The Prophet Ezekiel was addressed as “son of man” over 90 times by God, underscoring his human frailty in contrast to God’s divinity.

However, the Book of Daniel introduces a more enigmatic “Son of Man”. In Daniel 7:13-14, the prophet envisions “one like a son of man” coming with the clouds of heaven, presented before God, and given dominion, glory, and an everlasting kingdom. This celestial figure is clearly no ordinary human. He possesses an eternal, cosmic significance.

By the time we reach the New Testament, Jesus frequently employs this title, intertwining the humble and the exalted. He uses “Son of Man” when speaking of his impending suffering and death but also in contexts where he speaks of coming glory and authority.

However, as with the Messiah, the “Son of Man”, despite his heavenly connotations, was never straightforwardly identified as God in Jewish thought. He might be a heavenly figure, closely associated with divine purposes, but still distinct from God himself.

A Messiah Amidst Real People with Real Expectations

Here’s something to chew on: When Jesus entered the scene, he didn’t walk into a vacuum. He walked into bustling towns, amidst real people with layered expectations. Some wanted liberation from Roman rule; others sought spiritual revival. To some, Jesus was a healer; to others, a teacher. To some, he was the hoped-for Messiah; to others, a potential threat.

But, regardless of the perspective, Jesus was primarily seen within the parameters of 1st-century Jewish expectations – as someone profoundly in tune with God’s will, perhaps even divinely appointed, but not as God incarnate.

A Dance of Titles and Expectations

Navigating the 1st-century Jewish world’s titles and expectations is akin to joining a dance – one that’s rich, varied, and deeply rooted in history. The Messiah and the “Son of Man” are two dancers in this grand performance, each bringing their unique steps and movements. And while they move in rhythm with the divine music, they remain, in Jewish thought, distinct from the Divine Composer. Through understanding this dance, we gain a richer perspective on Jesus, his claims, and how they might have resonated in the ears of a 1st-century Jewish audience.

Consistency in Jesus’ Own Declarations

It’s rather intriguing, isn’t it? Throughout the Gospels, amidst varied landscapes and in response to diverse audiences, Jesus speaks words of profound depth and import. Yet, while many scrutinise singular verses to decipher Jesus’ nature, it’s the collective and consistent message across these declarations that truly shines a light on his self-understanding.

Distinguishing Between the Son and the Father

The Gospels are replete with instances where Jesus sets a clear demarcation between himself and the Father. For example, in John 14:28, Jesus states, “You heard me say to you, ‘I am going away, and I am coming to you.’ If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.” Here, the distinction is stark and undeniable. Jesus is not placing himself on a par with the Father. Instead, he explicitly states that the Father holds a position of greater authority.

Another instance is found in Mark 10:18, where Jesus responds to a man who addresses him as ‘Good Teacher’ by saying, “Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone.” While this isn’t an outright denial of his goodness, it’s a redirect. Jesus shifts the focus from himself to God, pointing out that the epitome of goodness is found in God.

In John 5:19, Jesus states, “Very truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing on his own, but only what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, the Son does likewise.” This paints a picture of profound alignment and unity in purpose. Yet, it’s also evident that Jesus sees his actions as derivative, originating from the Father’s initiative.

Subordination, Not Insignificance

It’s essential, however, to strike a note of clarity here. Jesus positioning himself as subordinate to God doesn’t diminish his significance in the grand narrative of salvation. Instead, it emphasises his unique role and his unwavering commitment to the divine mission.

In John 6:38, Jesus says, “For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me.” This is a declaration of purpose, a commitment to a divine agenda that’s beyond personal aspirations. Jesus reiterates this sentiment in John 4:34, “My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to complete his work.” Here, fulfilling God’s will is not just a task for Jesus; it’s his sustenance, his very essence.

A Prayerful Glimpse into Jesus’ Relationship with God

Perhaps one of the most intimate glimpses into Jesus’ understanding of his relationship with the Father is in his prayer in John 17. He prays, “Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” (John 17:3). The distinction is clear: there’s the “only true God” and then there’s “Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.”

Later in the same prayer, Jesus petitions, “Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you.” (John 17:1). This speaks of mutual honour, but it also underscores the idea that Jesus’ glorification is a means to an end – the end being the Father’s glorification.

The Centrality of God’s Will

Throughout the Gospels, Jesus never portrays his teachings as novel ideologies or innovations. Instead, they are always anchored in God’s will and purpose. In Matthew 7:21, Jesus emphasises the paramount importance of doing the Father’s will, “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.” This places God’s will at the very heart of the message Jesus proclaimed.

A Messenger with a Divine Mandate

It’s fascinating, isn’t it? The more you dive into Jesus’ words, the more you see a consistent thread. He’s not there to set up a new religion in his name. He’s not there to eclipse the Father. He’s there to point, to guide, to teach, and to lead people to a deeper understanding of and relationship with the Father.

Jesus’ self-declarations, when taken collectively, weave a portrait of a figure deeply attuned to God’s will. He’s empowered, yes. He’s significant, undoubtedly. But he’s also subordinate, consistently positioning himself in relation to a higher authority. This is not a narrative of divinity claimed, but of a divine mission embraced.


As our journey through John 8:58 and its broader implications draws to a close, we’ve trekked through deep theological terrains, traipsed across historical landscapes, and teased out linguistic nuances. While debates around a singular verse can seem esoteric, the intent here has been to paint a coherent picture that aligns with the broader scriptural narrative.

The Clarity in Context

John 8:58, in the heat of a tense dialogue, showcases Jesus asserting a profound connection to the patriarch Abraham. “Before Abraham was, I am.” In the broader context of the conversation, the crux is not necessarily a claim to divinity but rather a proclamation of Jesus’ pre-ordained role in God’s salvific plan. This is a man who, while walking the earth, was so intrinsically interwoven with God’s purpose that he could declare a spiritual precedence over Abraham. To put it another way, he could say “Before Abraham was born, I was already part of God’s plan.”

Jesus: The Embodiment of God’s Purpose

The scriptures present Jesus as a figure of paramount significance, not because he claimed equality with God but due to the unique role he played in history’s greatest story. He stands as the nexus between the divine and humanity, embodying God’s redemptive plan. This doesn’t necessitate a divine nature but certainly demands a divine mandate.

Jesus’ consistent message, across various discourses and to different audiences, has been of his alignment with God’s will, his subordination to the Father, and his mission to lead humanity towards a deeper, transformative relationship with God. This is not about diluting his significance; it’s about understanding his position in the grand narrative.

The Power of Perspective

Now, you might wonder, “Why all this fuss over one verse?” It’s because perspectives shape perceptions. How we perceive Jesus’ statements influences our understanding of his nature, mission, and message. By examining verses like John 8:58 in their historical, cultural, and linguistic context, we glean insights that might otherwise remain obscured.

It’s worth noting that the ancient world didn’t operate within our modern frameworks. Their understanding of identity, essence, and existence differed from ours. Their language bore shades of meaning that can sometimes be elusive in direct translations. And, crucially, their encounters with the divine resonated within a particular cultural milieu. Recognising this allows for a richer, more nuanced engagement with the scriptures.

Final Reflections

Jesus, as portrayed in the scriptures, is undeniably extraordinary. His teachings have echoed across millennia, his actions have transformed lives, and his legacy continues to shape the course of history. Yet, his distinctiveness isn’t necessarily rooted in claims of divinity. Instead, it’s in his unparalleled embodiment of God’s love, grace, and purpose.

It’s tempting to approach scriptures seeking clear-cut answers, but often they invite us into deeper reflection, into a dance of mystery, wonder, and discovery. They beckon us to look beyond the surface, to engage with the text, context, and subtext.

As we conclude, here’s an encouragement: When encountering verses that seem enigmatic, dive deep. Don’t be content with superficial readings. Delve into the history, embrace the culture, and grapple with the language. In doing so, you’ll not only discover the richness of the scriptures but also the profound depth of God’s love and purpose revealed through them.

And always, always remember: Scriptures, like life, are a journey, not just a destination. So, tread with curiosity, with reverence, and with an open heart, and you’ll find treasures untold.

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